By Irad Malkin
Greek civilization and id crystallized now not while Greeks have been shut jointly but if they got here to be a long way aside. It emerged through the Archaic interval while Greeks based coastal urban states and buying and selling stations in ever-widening horizons from the Ukraine to Spain. No heart directed their diffusion: mom towns have been a variety of and the hot settlements (»colonies») could usually engender extra settlements. The «Greek heart» used to be at sea it used to be shaped via back-ripple results of cultural convergence, following the actual divergence of self reliant settlements. «The seashores of Greece are like hems stitched onto the lands of Barbarian peoples» (Cicero). total, and despite distance, cost practices grew to become Greek within the making and Greek groups way more resembled one another than any in their specific buddies just like the Etruscans, Iberians, Scythians, or Libyans. The distinction among «center and outer edge» infrequently mattered (all used to be peri-, «around»), nor used to be a bi-polar distinction with Barbarians of a lot importance.
Should we respect the Greeks for having created their civilization despite the big distances and discontinuous territories isolating their self sufficient groups? Or did the salient elements in their civilization shape and crystallize due to its structure as a de-centralized community? This e-book claims that the reply lies in community attributes shaping a «Small Greek World,» the place separation is measured through levels of touch instead of by means of actual dimensions.
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Additional info for A Small Greek World
It is my hope that the articulation of the general approach, as well as the case studies presented here, will generate further application of network theory to some of the historical issues mentioned earlier, as well as to other aspects or periods of HelIenic history. The first step may be a sim pIe illustration: Imagine filling up the coastlines with dots (or "nodes," in network parlance), representing all Greek maritime cities. What then comes to the foreground is a decentralized network. Acloser look will reveal regional "clusters," such as Rhodes, with its emerging "island identity" and its three poleis (chapter 2); the Phokaians and Massalia (Marseille) in southern France (chapters 5 and 6) or Cyrene in Libya " (both with more centralized aspects); or Archaic Sicily,with its ritual expression of regional Greek ("Sikeliote") identity (chapter 3).
This foreshortening of the "diameter" of a network could be applied to the interrelation between the phenomenon of city foundations in ever-growing distances and the HeIlenic commonalities of this expanding maritime civilization. Both formalized links, such as the ritualized relationships between a mother city and its colony, or a theôria, and, more important, the more frequent and ubiquitous links in the form of human mobility and trade created weak links and cultural shortcuts, or shorter paths, for the fiows of Greek content to pass through.
20 Robertson (1992. 1995. 1997. 1998). For the evolution of the concept (apparently from )apanese business terminology) see Khondker (2004). 21 Robertson (1992. pp. 100-104; 1995). 22 The EU has set up a Committee for the Regions. eu Bistolfi (1995); Bono (1999); Vasconcelos and )offé (2000); Masala (2000); Brauch (2000). " As noted, the network approach of the twenty-first century deconstructs the meaning of "place" since the new technological, economical, and political connectivity often renders place insignificant.
A Small Greek World by Irad Malkin