Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148 by Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner PDF

By Stuart A. Rice, Aaron R. Dinner

ISBN-10: 1118122356

ISBN-13: 9781118122358

ISBN-10: 1118158717

ISBN-13: 9781118158715

The Advances in Chemical Physics series—the leading edge of study in chemical physics

The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence offers the chemical physics and actual chemistry fields with a discussion board for severe, authoritative reviews of advances in each region of the self-discipline. packed with state of the art learn pronounced in a cohesive demeanour now not came upon in other places within the literature, each one quantity of the Advances in Chemical Physics sequence bargains contributions from across the world well known chemists and serves because the ideal complement to any complex graduate type dedicated to the research of chemical physics.

This quantity explores:

  • keep watch over of Quantum Phenomena (Constantin Brif, Raj Chakrabarti, and Herschel Rabitz)

  • Crowded fees in Ion Channels (Bob Eisenberg)

  • Colloidal Crystallization among and 3 Dimensions (H. Lowen, E.C. Oguz, L. Assoud, and R. Messina)

  • Statistical Mechanics of beverages and Fluids in Curved area (Gilles Tarjus, FranCois Sausset, and Pascal Viot)


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Additional resources for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 148

Example text

The use of optimally tailored pulses helped to minimize the harmful three-photon fluorescence from the amino acid l-Tryptophan, without a significant loss of useful two-photon fluorescence from a green fluorescence protein. Optimally shaped supercontinuum pulses from a microstructure fiber were used in TPEF microscopy in another experimental study [523]. The pulse was shaped prior to propagation through the fiber, and AFC maximized the fluorescence signal contrast between two fluorescent proteins. A novel phase modulation technique for ultrabroadband laser pulses was developed for selective excitation of multiple fluorophores in TPEF microscopy [524].

E. AFC of Photodissociation Reactions in Molecules A long-standing goal of photochemistry is selective control of molecular fragmentation. During the last decade, AFC employing shaped femtosecond laser pulses has achieved significant successes toward meeting this goal [8, 9, 12]. Selective quantum control of photodissociation reactions in molecules using AFC was first demonstrated by Gerber and coworkers in 1998 [478]. They studied photodissociation of an organometallic complex and employed AFC to maximize and minimize the branching ratio of two fragmentation products.

Each particular set of controls, ξ ∈ C, induces the corresponding time evolution of the system through the Kraus map ξ,t that transforms an initial state ρ0 into the state ρ(t) = ξ,t ρ0 at time t. An open quantum system with Kraus-map evolution is called dynamically controllable in the set SD of states if for any pair of states ρ1 ∈ SD and ρ2 ∈ SD , there exists a set of controls ξ ∈ C and a finite time T , such that the resulting Kraus map ξ,T transforms ρ1 into ρ2 : ρ2 = ξ,T ρ1 . An open quantum system is called Kraus-map controllable if the set C of all available controls can generate any Kraus map from the identity map I.

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