By Paul Hare
The Army's Balloon manufacturing unit relocated to Farnborough in 1904 and was once renamed the Royal plane manufacturing unit in 1912, changing into a fix facility for broken aeroplanes. it is a background of the manufacturing unit, from the early ballooning and kite experiments to the ambitious SE5.
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Khokar (1996) has developed a 3D-weaving machine employing a dual-directional shedding operation. Such a shedding system enables the warp yarns to interlace with both horizontal and vertical sets of weft yarns. This special 3D-weaving process also allows direct production of woven proﬁled materials. The 3D fully interlaced woven structures offer ultimate structural integrity even when the fabrics are cut and damaged. 27 King’s specially designed 3D-weaving machine for manufacturing 3D solid orthogonal structures.
3D Fibrous Assemblies Properties, Applications and Modelling of Three-dimensional Textile Structures. Woodhead, Cambridge, pp. 104e130. 26 3D woven spacer fabric production on face-to-face principle. Even though the conventional 2D-weaving process can be used to produce various 3D woven solid structures, the thickness dimension is limited. For this reason, different types of specially designed 3D-weaving machines have been developed for manufacturing 3D woven fabrics. King (1976) has developed a special weaving machine to produce orthogonal structures containing X, Y and Z yarns without interlacings as shown in Fig.
As illustrated in Fig. e. a composite material) should be maximized. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to choose the appropriate structure for the application. The use of straight, noncrimp continuous ﬁlament yarns with very low twist for the reinforcement is an important requirement. These have to be placed in 2D and 3D assemblies to form preforms. Concerning woven structures, at least one set of yarns must have crimp and therefore is not straight. 43. The strength of a woven fabric depends essentially on the strength of the composing yarns.
Aeroplanes of the Royal Aircraft Factory (Crowood Aviation Series) by Paul Hare