Get Assessing the Value of Research in the Chemical Sciences PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications Commission on Physical Sciences, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Chemical Sciences Roundtable

ISBN-10: 0309061393

ISBN-13: 9780309061391

Chemical Sciences Roundtable, Board on Chemical Sciences and know-how, arithmetic, and functions fee on actual Sciences, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide study Council

This e-book captures the messages from a workshop that introduced jointly study managers from govt, undefined, and academia to study and talk about the mechanisms which have been proposed or used to evaluate the worth of chemical research.
The workshop excited about the review tactics which were or might be demonstrated in the a number of agencies that perform or fund examine actions, with specific consciousness to the govt functionality and effects Act (GPRA). The e-book offers methods and concepts from leaders in every one region that have been meant to spot new and helpful methods of assessing the price and power effect of study actions.

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Sample text

I think we may be getting into a semantic bog, and I have to apologize for taking us one step further, but I shared the groans about research being everything that led from the idea to the commercial product. Research is usually a close bedfellow of development, which tends to include much of the engineering community. I find it helpful to split them, because we start with science and we wind up with statistics on technologies. I would submit that, as a practical matter, there’s something in between the science becoming a technology, which is that exercise we call development.

Don E. Kash: We’ve done that with seven cases. One of them is a chemical case where the innovation clearly came out of the laboratory, the central laboratory. Now, we also have done it for a blade on a high pressure turbine on a jet engine. Here the ball game gets very mixed. It’s a complex world out there— it goes back to the water wheel—and at least some of the engineers you talk to refer to the “black art” in casting. One of the things that’s really been terribly important is that much of the “black art” has been converted from tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge because of a whole new technology: computeraided design.

Furthermore, in the first 5 years there is often little indication that it is working. There is essentially no output during this period, although I am sure that this number will change/improve as we gain more experience with the model. 28 PANEL DISCUSSION: INTRODUCTORY SESSION 29 Another interesting feature of the dynamic model is that your ability to make incremental improvements is dramatically improved (as much as 100-fold) compared with investing in short-term research. My question is: Is anybody else working on dynamic models like this?

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Assessing the Value of Research in the Chemical Sciences by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications Commission on Physical Sciences, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Chemical Sciences Roundtable


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