By David Hunter, Kurt Cagle, Chris Dix, Roger Kovack, Jonathan Pinnock, Jeff Rafter
This booklet is for those that be aware of that it might be a solid notion to benefit the language, yet aren't a hundred% convinced why. you've got heard the hype, yet have not noticeable sufficient substance to determine what XML is, and what it will possibly do. you could already be someway interested by internet improvement, and doubtless even be aware of the fundamentals of HTML, even supposing neither of those skills is admittedly important for this book.What you don't want is wisdom of SGML (XML's predecessor), or maybe markup languages in most cases. This booklet assumes that you are new to the idea that of markup languages, and now we have attempted to constitution it in a fashion that may make feel to the newbie, and but quick deliver you to XML specialist status.The notice "Beginning" within the identify refers back to the form of the booklet, instead of the reader's event point. There are kinds of newbie for whom this e-book may be ideal:Programmers who're already conversant in a few net programming or facts trade strategies. you'll already be used to a few of the innovations mentioned right here, yet will learn the way you could contain XML applied sciences to augment these options you presently boost. these operating in a programming atmosphere yet with out large wisdom or event of internet improvement or information alternate purposes. in addition to studying how XML applied sciences will be utilized to such purposes, you can be brought to a couple new ideas that will help you know the way such platforms paintings.
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Extra resources for Beginning XML: XML schemas, SOAP, XSLT, DOM, and SAX 2.0
The problem is that there are two characters that are used for new lines – the line feed character and the carriage return – and computers running Windows, computers running UNIX, and Macintosh computers all use these characters differently. For example, to get a new line in Windows, an application would use both the line feed and the carriage return character together, whereas on UNIX only the line feed would be used. This could prove to be very troublesome when creating XML documents, because UNIX machines would treat the new lines in a document differently from the Windows boxes, which would treat them differently from the Macintosh boxes, and our XML interoperability would be lost.
So all of the spaces between the first period and the word It would be stripped, except for one. Also, the line feed after the word bunch and the spaces before of would be stripped down to one space. As a result, the previous HTML would be rendered in a browser as: Chapter 2: Well-Formed XML 35 36 Chapter 2: Well-Formed XML In order to get the results as they appear in the HTML above, we'd have to add special HTML markup to the source, like the following:
This is a paragraph.
Here, specifies that we should insert a space (nbsp stands for Non-Breaking SPace), and the
tag specifies that there should be a line feed.
Comparison>6 is < 7 & 7 > 6 Viewing the above XML in IE 5 or later would give the following error: 52 Chapter 2: Well-Formed XML Chapter 2: Well-Formed XML 53 This means that the XML parser comes across the "<" character, and expects a tag name, instead of a space. ) There are two ways you can get around this: escaping characters, or enclosing text in a CDATA section. Escaping Characters To escape these two characters, you simply replace any "<" characters with "<" and any "&" characters with "&".
Beginning XML: XML schemas, SOAP, XSLT, DOM, and SAX 2.0 by David Hunter, Kurt Cagle, Chris Dix, Roger Kovack, Jonathan Pinnock, Jeff Rafter